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在家教育的数据:学业和社交

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在家教育的数据:学业和社交

帖子 由 timmy 于 周五 十月 26, 2012 1:30 pm

在家教育的数据:学业和社交
Statistics on Public School Vs. Homeschool
By Karen Frazier
来源:http://home-school.lovetoknow.com/Statistics_on_Public_School_Vs_Homeschooling
翻译:CARI爸 2012-10-26 鱼咖啡

为孩子选择教育方式,可能影响他的一生。你们选择的因数可能包括时间、资源、和孩子的性格。不妨也把有关的研究和数据,作为你们考虑的因数。
Deciding how your child will receive his education is a choice that can impact the rest of his life. While your decision may depend on personal factors such as your time and availability and your child's personality, evaluating studies and statistics can also provide information you can include in your decision *** process.

学业Academics
两个大型研究,评估了在家上学的学业成果。第一个是《自力更生:全美的在教教育》,该1997年的研究,追踪了5000位在家教育儿童,来自1600个家庭。研究显示,在家教育儿童成绩通常比公立学校儿童优异,在标准考试中,在各科中都高出30到35个百分人数点。(译注:这种统计方法,是把所有学生按成绩排列成100个组,每组人数相同)。
Two major studies have assessed academic achievement in homeschooling. The first study,Strengths of Their Own: Homeschoolers Across America was conducted in 1997 and followed more than 5,000 homeschoolers from over 1,600 families. The study showed homeschoolers typically academically outperformed children receiving a public education on standardized tests by approximately 30 to 35 percentile points in all subject areas.

第二个研究,是在家教育关注协会外判的研究,调查了2007-08学年的多个标准考试的数据。再一次,全国的分数,在各科起码高出34个百分人数点,一些科目高出39个点。而家长是否有大学学位、教育开支、该省份的教育政策、学生的性别等因数,在在家上学儿童中,并没有造成明显的成绩差异。
In the second, the Home School Legal Defense Association (HSLDA) commissioned a study drawing data for the 2007-2008 school year from multiple standardized testing services. Once again, the national average percentile scores were higher in all subject areas by at least 34 percentile points, and as high as 39 percentile points. Factors such as parental college degrees, how much parents spent on education, level of state regulation, and *** of the students made little difference in the range of scores in all areas among the homeschooled children.

社交Socialization
近年的研究,改变了人们对在家上学儿童在社交方面的观念。人们通常误以为在家上学儿童,在社交方面比学校儿童差。情况却不一定如此。分析了24个在家教育和社交的研究后,Susan McDowell博士结论说:社交根本不是个问题。
Recent research is changing opinions about how well-socialized homeschooled children are. While there is a common misconception that homeschooled children may be more poorly socialized than their publicly educated peers, this may not be the case. In a meta analysis of 24 studies about homeschoolers and socialization, Dr. Susan McDowell concluded socialization was a "non-issue."

另一个常被引用的研究,是密西根大学.教育系副教授Gary Knowles博士作的研究。他调查了50位曾在家上学的成年人。研究中,他发现其中75%的人认为在家教育对他们成年后与人相处有帮助。
Another often-cited study is a survey conducted by Dr. Gary Knowles, a University of Michigan Assistant Professor of Education. For the study, Dr. Knowles surveyed more than 50 adults who had been homeschooled as children. In the study, Knowles found that more than 75 percent felt homeschooling had helped them learn to interact with others as an adult.

于2000年,发现协会的Patricia Lines博士研究过在家上学儿童的社交。她发现在家上学儿童在社交上很自如。当在家上学儿童和公立学校儿童在一起玩时,教育专家们无法看出谁是在家教育儿童。实际上,在家教育儿童,比公立学校儿童较少出现行为问题。
In 2000, Dr. Patricia Lines of the Discovery Institute studied the socialization of homeschooled children. She found that homeschoolers were well-adjusted, and experts were unable to distinguish homeschooled kids from children receiving a public education. In fact, homeschooled children also demonstrated fewer behavioral issues than their public school peers.

另有些研究发现,在家上学儿童也参与家庭以外的很多活动,让他们的社交圈子不限于同龄儿童,而是各样年龄的人。
Additional studies have shown that homeschooled children participate in many activities outside of the home, which allows them positive interaction with not only their peers, but a variety of age groups.

进入大学College Admissions
根据在家教育关注协会,在大学入学试中,在家上学儿童的平均分高于全国平均分。约50%的在家上学儿童会进入大学,数字与公立学校学生相约。
According to the HSDLA, homeschooled kids score above the national average on college admissions tests. Approximately 50 percent of homeschooled children go on to attend college, which is the same number as children in public schools.

Michael Cogan博士出版的大学入学期刊中,他说他发现在家教育儿童有较高的大学毕业率,较低的休学率。他也发现,在家教育的儿童,在第一学期、第一年、和最有一年的平均分高于其他学生。
Dr. Michael Cogan published his study findings in the Journal of College Admissions. He found that homeschooled children were more likely to graduate from college and less likely to drop out than their peers. He also found that children from home education programs had higher first semester, first year, and last year grade point averages than their peers.

成年后As Adults
前面提到过Knowles博士的研究,他发现2/3曾在家上学的成人,拥有自己的企业/生意。社交方面,2/3为已婚,没有一位失业或领取社会援助。
In the previously mentioned survey by Dr. Knowles, he found that nearly two-thirds of the adults he surveyed who had been homeschooled owned businesses. Socially, 2/3 of the adults surveyed were married, and none were unemployed or on welfare.

哪样更好Which Is Better?
要辩论公立学校和在家教育哪样更好,并没有“正确的答案”。数据支持在家教育的有效性,显示在家上学儿童,在学业和社交方面,较公立学校儿童优异。同样,进入大学的比率、和毕业率,也与公立学校的比率持平或较高。大量的研究表明在家教育并无害处,甚至能帮助孩子面对人生。孩子的教育,是每个家庭自己的选择。
There is no "right" answer in the public school vs. homeschool debate. Data supports the effectiveness of homeschooling, indicating that homeschooled children wind up at least as academically and socially successful as their public school peers. Likewise, rates of college admissions and graduation match or exceed those of children educated in public school systems. With the bulk of studies showing that homeschooling does not harm, and may in fact help students throughout their lives, it's up to you to decide what's best for your family.

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